DMU

Extended CV
Prepared by Dr Eric Goodyer Ph.D., MIET, C. Eng 
Professor of Instrumentation
May 2018

Research Supported by

The EPSRC

EPSRC

The Royal Society

Royal Society

Innovate UK

IUK

FP7

FP7

The Royal Academy of Engineering

RAEng

ERDF

ERDF

EMDA

EMDA

The Transport iNET

Transport iNET


Executive Summary

Key Achievements

Total research grant income 1.9 million
26 peer reviewed journal papers
43 peer reviewed conference papers
5 peer reviewed poster presentations
16 Conference papers  by Direct Invitation from the Organising Committee

Key Achievements for REF period 2008-2013

I have been engaged in contract Research & Development for 41 years, mainly in the private sector.

In 2001 I received an invitation from Harvard Medical School to assist them with their tissue-engineering programme, and thereafter become research active. The Harvard invitation enabled me to apply for and secure my first EPSRC grant in 2002, since then I have been awarded in excess of 1.9 million as PI, and have collaborated by invitation at research institutions, and commercial research premises, in the USA, Europe & the Far East. To date I have 74 peer-reviewed research  outputs, and a further 16 by direct invitation from conference organising committees.

Research Income Generation

grants

Figure 1 Research grants awarded as PI from 2002, annual & cumulative in millions

I have secured research and consultancy income in excess of 2.65 million over my whole career, of which 1.86 million has been won for DMU in my own right as PI.

Publications record

I have produced 61 peer-reviewed research outputs with a further 16 by direct invitation from the organising committees, many with international co-authors. As I have spent 75% of my career in industry, most of these outputs are at conferences, which is the preferred medium for commercial companies. 18 are peer-reviewed journal papers, mainly accepted after I became research active in 2001; almost all with international co-authors. Highlights include the following work supported by the EPSRC and the Royal Society:-

Public Engagement in Science

I have engaged in an extensive range of other scholarly activities broadly classified as Public Engagement in Science. These include appearing in a National Geographic Film; interviews on TV, radio and  the press; public participation and industrial engagement events. In recent years I have been instrumental in developing a series of Science to Business conferences, which has enabled DMU to publicise a range of consultancy services, and present research outputs, to potential commercial partners. One of my earliest developments, a small part as a very junior researcher, is now an exhibit in the Science Museum.

Vickers
Figure 2 The Five-Nine Vickers medical baby incubator courtesy of the Science Museum. My role was a study on replacing analogue temperature control with microelectronics 1978

I have worked internationally throughout my whole career. This started in 1977 with the development of precision measuring apparatus for the Trans Siberian and Alaskan Pipelines; from the mid 1980s onwards the supply of innovative physiological measuring devices to research establishments in the USA (Proctor & Gamble, Unilever, Go Jo), Europe (Ellen Betrix) and the Far East (SSL); video text terminals for the Italian company TELIT, which were used as part of the first home banking service delivered by the Spanish Bank, Santander; and automotive components for companies in France and Belgium.

My pure research activities began following an invitation to work at Harvard Medical School. With the support of the EPSRC, The Royal Society and The Royal Academy of Engineering I have worked on site at Massachusetts General Hospital (Harvard), Wisconsin Medical Centers, UCLA, UKE Hamburg and the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. The majority of my recent peer reviewed outputs are with international co authors. I was the only non US consultant named on a $1.8 Million NIH award to Wisconsin Medical Centers.

I was DMUs PI on a Euro 2.8 Million Framework 7 Programme (FP7) project, which was jointly developed with Emeritus Professor Alan Wells from Leicester University who is the overall Scientific Advisor to the project, which leads in to the next criteria. Currently I am PI on an Innovate UK project related to Smart Cities, using Computational Intelligence to predict future demands on fresh water water and sewerage services.

From my extensive career in Instrumentation I wish to highlight my work in the automotive and transport sector. A number of my early peer reviewed publications are transport related some of which were presented at international conferences. Significant innovative developments amongst the projects that I led include

The automotive work has been cited in the popular press, including a Sunday Times science feature in the 1980s. It has been used as the basis for a publication of Model A Level Physics questions, and included in two books on automotive engineering. More recently it has been of great value in developing the DIGITs research group, where my industrial contacts have enabled this new research group to develop strong & credible commercial links.

This portfolio of automotive research projects (over 30 years) assisted in securing our role in a major FP7 project, which includes partners from France, Spain, Greece, Poland, Italy & Finland. The EU team that I have put in place with this funding are developing a number of new international projects. My role in these existing and emerging partnerships was recognised by the invitation that I received to chair a panel forum session at the 2012 Toulouse Space Show.

My involvement with distributed networks, that inevitably arises when engaged in transport systems, resulted in a good working relationship with Orange Mobile Communications. Through this contact I was able to secure a strategic partnership with Orange, who now sponsor our teaching and research through the provision of free air time, access to their Machine to Machine server, and technical support, most recently the TSB Assisted Living iCARE project.
I have always sought to proselytise the values of science and engineering. As a young engineer I worked with the IEEs (now IET) Schools Liaison Service, going into schools and presenting at conferences for 5th & 6th formers. I have spoken at a number of schools in the East Midlands, and assisted with schools events on site at DMU.

Debate
Figure 3 A debate at Leicester Grammar School February 2010

From left to right, Roger Helmer MEP, Aaron Porter President of the NUS, Kylie Pentelow East Midlands TV, Trevor Allen Leicester Grammar School, Eric Goodyer, Sue Mallender Green Party.

Academic CV and Research Record March 2016

1 Summary

Peer reviewed journal publications  21
Peer reviewed conference presentations  40
Peer reviewed posters  4
Conferences by direct invitation (including chairing sessions)  15
Other publications  6
Prizes & awards  5
Patent  1
Extensive Public Engagement activities, including TV, Film, Radio, Print, School Visits and Debates.
Grants & Consultancy since 2002 1.89 Million
Grants & Consultancy since 1997 estimated at 3.25 Million

2 Grants & Consultancy  Total since 2002 1.96 Million

2.1 Grants

  1. Innovate UK Fruit Ripening Overlay System FROST-STIC 43,690 April 2016
  2. EPSRC Mapping the biomechanical properties of the sub-glottal region of the human vocal tract 24,500 May 2016
  3. UK Innovate WADER to predict water usage in cities 80,803, April 2015
  4. Transport iNET extension REEMS, 7300, April 2015
  5. Transport Systems Catapult   University Partner Programme, 97,500, June 2014
  6. Transport iNET, Evolutionary Computing Optimising Rail Travel EsCORT, 72,164, Nov 2013
  7. Transport iNET, Range Extended Engine Management System REEMS, 127,017, Nov 2013
  8. UKTI, LLEP, iNET, support for trade conference on ITS, 15,500, June 2013
  9. KTP with Ringtrack, to develop GNSS based application, 117032 June 2013
  10. UKTI SOLO award to support trade stand at the Toulouse Space Show 1k May 2012
  11. EMDA Transport iNET. ITRAQ extension. 20,360. Sep 2011.
  12. EU Regions of Knowledge. THE ISSUE. To build an EU capability in Intelligent Mobility. Euro 216,892  (GBP188,000) Oct 2011
  13. KTP with BGlobal. To develop a ZigBee based Smart Meter. 127,731. Sep 2010.
  14. EMDA Transport iNET. Dynamic Traffic Management and Passenger Guidance to meet the Carbon Challenge. 26,771 (jointly with David Elizondo). Sep 2009
  15. EMDA Transport iNET. Integrating mobility vehicles and devices with smart homes. 21386. Sep 2009
  16. Technology Strategy Board. ALIP 2   Distributed Integrated Care Services and Systems Run with Bill Wong. 412,092. June 2009
  17. The Royal Society. To carry out in vivo trials of a new dynamic in vivo laryngeal tensiometer. 1140. June 2009
  18. The Royal Academy of Engineering. Continuation of joint research with Wisconsin Medical Centers. 500. Dec 2008
  19. KTP   with NSL Ltd. Development of Software Digital Radio receiver for GNSS/GPS data. Academic supervisor Dr John Gow & Dr Chris Oxley. 113,286. June 2007
  20. Royal Academy of Engineering. To support a presentation to Harvard Medical School and Wisconsin University Hospital. 500. Jan 2007
  21. The Royal Society  Paul Instrument Fund. Dynamic In Vivo Laryngeal Tensiometer. 29,000. Dec 2006
  22. The Royal Society. International Outgoing Short Visit. 750. Aug 2006.
  23. EPSRC. Investigation of the relationship between vocal fold tension and electrical stimulation of the recurrent laryngeal nerve in a canine model. 15,756. Nov 2006.
  24. KTP with Thorlux Ltd. To develop dynamic web based support for lighting telemetry system. Academic Supervisor Dr Clinton Ingrams. 108,488. July 2006
  25. The Royal Academy of Engineering. Investigation of ultrasound as a method to characterise the vocal fold  study to take place at Wisconsin University Hospital. 700. Feb 2006
  26. KTP with RDM Automotive Ltd . To transfer knowledge of embedded software and hardware for the development of existing and new products  advanced vehicle telematics. 101044. Jan 2006.
  27. EPSRC. Quantifying The Effectiveness Of Stem Cell Implants To Promote Self Healing Of The Vocal Fold. 10660. Aug 2005
  28. The Royal Academy of Engineering. Quantifying the Effectiveness of Tissue Regeneration Using Stem Cell Implants. 900. May 2005.
  29. HIRF Innovation and Regional Fellowship. To develop peer to peer communications over GPRS. Held jointly with Dr Brian Bramer. 13,900. Apr 2005
  30. HIRF Innovation and Regional Fellowship. To develop in vivo laryngeal tensiometer 9750. Feb 2004.
  31. KTP with Dailys UK Ltd. To develop new telematic products, 105,220. Feb 2004.
  32. EPSRC . To establish collaborative research with Eppendorf Medical School Hamburg. 3872. Jan 2004.
  33. EPSRC. To establish collaborative research with Harvard Medical School at MEEI. 6810. Jun 2002

2.2 Consultancy at DMU 24551

  1. Motech Dec 2012 4500
  2. Boots May 2012 3260
  3. Ringtrack March 2012 6200
  4. Northampton University 975 Sep 2011
  5. Intamac 3900. Oct 2010
  6. Stoneballs. 2391. Sep 2010
  7. Squid Soup. 2500. Aug 2009
  8. SSL 825 May 2007    

2.3 Consultancy Secured at Sira Estimated Total 500,000

Sira total estimate 50k per annum 1982 to 1991 = 500k

2.4 Consultancy secured by GSI Total 1.1 Million

Based on all submitted accounts from 1991 to date my own trading company has secured a total income of over 1.1 Million

2.5 Grants secured by GSI Ltd and precursor business 61900

  1. FUSE EU Grant under FP4 to develop in house capability for PCB design and layout Euro 57,000 (45,600). March 1996.
    see
    [http://www.fuse network.com/fuse/demonstration/332/357/index.html]
  2. Design Consultancy Service. 10k award towards a 20k project to design a 3 axis positioner for the Linear Skin Rheometer. 1997.
  3. Smart Award for the development of the Fishphone M2M telematics device. 4800 in 2001.
  4. Business Development Grant of 1500 awarded in 1991

3 Peer Reviewed Journal Publications (26)

[traffic],[wader],[Frost],[aerodynamics],[health care location] 5 in draft or submitted

  1. Orun A, Elizondo D, Goodyer E, Paluszczyszyn P. Use of Bayesian inference method to model vehicular air pollution in local urban areas. Transportation Research Part D 63, 236-243, 2018.
  2. Olowofoyeku O, Shell J, Goodyer E, Deka L. Healthcare Facility Coverage for Malaria and Sickle Cell Diseases Treatment: A Spatial Analysis of Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State. The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society IN PRESS
  3. Anwar H, Goodyer E, Muller F, Hess M, Farukh F, et al. Deformation Induced Fluid Flow Behaviour of Subglottic Mucosa. MOJ Applied Bionics and Biomechanics. Online Dec 2017
  4. Orun, A., Goodyer, E. and Smith, G. (2017) 3D non-invasive inspection of the skin lesions by close-range and low-cost photogrammetric techniques. Image Analysis & Stereology, accepted Dec 2017
  5. Goodyer EN, Müller F, Hess M, Kandan K, Farukh F. Bio-mechanical flow amplification arising from the variable deformation of the subglottic mucosa. Journal of Voice, Volume 31, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages 669-674
  6. Orun AB, Seker H, Uslan V, Goodyer E, Smith G. Texture based characterization of sub-skin features by specified laser speckle effects at λ=650nm region for more accurate parametric “skin age” modelling. International Journal of Cosmetic Science.  Int J Cosmet Sci. 2017 Jun;39(3):320-326
  7. Quantification of change in vocal fold tissue stiffness relative to depth of artificial damage Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology Vol. 42 , Iss. 3, 108-117, 2017
  8. Goodyer EN, Gunderson ML, Tateya C, Tateya T, Dailey SH. The Anisotropic Elasticity of the Human Vocal Fold. Journal of Otology & Rhinology. 2016, 5:2
  9. Sunday Iliya, Eric Goodyer, John Gow, Mario Gongora, Jethro Shell. Spectrum Hole Prediction And White Space Ranking For Cognitive Radio Network Using An Artificial Neural Network. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research volume 4, issue 08, august 2015
  10. Sunday Iliya, Eric Goodyer, John Gow, Mario Gongora, Jethro Shell. Spectrum Occupancy Survey in Leicester, UK, For Cognitive Radio Application. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 6, Issue 8, August 2015
  11. A.B Orun, E. Goodyer, H. Seker, G. Smith , V. Uslan, D. Chauhan. Optimized parametric skin modelling for diagnosis of skin abnormalities by combining light back scatter and laser speckle imaging.  Skin Research and Technology. 20 (4), pp 473 485, 2014
  12. Anna Katharina Rohlfs, Eric Goodyer, Till Clauditz, Markus Hess, Malte Kob, Susan Koops, Klaus Puschel, Frank W. Roemer, Frank Muller. The anisotropic nature of the human vocal fold: an ex vivo study. European Archives of Oto Rhino Laryngology 270 (6), pp 1185 94, 2013
  13. Eric Goodyer, Samad Ahmadi, Chiclana, Francisco, David Elizondo, Mario Gongora, Benjamin N. Passow, Yingjie Yang . Computational Intelligence and its role in enhancing sustainable transport systems International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering (IJTTE), 1(3), 2011
  14. Eric Goodyer, Jack J. Jiang, Erin Devine, Alexander Sutor, Stefan Rupitsch, Stefan Zorner, Michael Stingl, Bastian Schmidt. Devices and Methods on Analysis of Biomechanical Properties of Laryngeal Tissue and Substitute Materials. Current Bioinformatics, 6(3), pp 344 361, 2011
  15. Goodyer, E., Gunderson, M., Dailey, S.H. Gradation of Stiffness of the Mucosa Inferior to the Vocal Fold. Journal of Voice, 24 (3), pp. 359 362, 2010
  16. Goodyer, E., Welham, N.V., Choi, S.H., Yamashita, M., Dailey, S.H. The Shear Modulus of the Human Vocal Fold in a Transverse Direction. Journal of Voice, 23 (2), pp. 151 155. 2009
  17. Dailey, S.H., Tateya, I., Montequin, D., Welham, N.V., Goodyer, E. Viscoelastic Measurements of Vocal Folds Using the Linear Skin Rheometer. Journal of Voice, 23 (2), pp. 143 150. 2009
  18. Chhetri, D.K., Berke, G.S., Lotfizadeh, A., Goodyer, E. Control of vocal fold cover stiffness by laryngeal muscles: A preliminary study. Laryngoscope, 119 (1), pp. 222 227. 2009
  19. Goodyer, E., Muller, F., Licht, K., Hess, M. In vivo measurement of the shear modulus of the human vocal fold: Interim results from eight patients. European Archives of Oto Rhino Laryngology, 264 (6), pp. 631 635. 2007.
  20. Goodyer, E., Hemmerich, S., Muller, F., Kobler, J.B., Hess, M. The shear modulus of the human vocal fold, preliminary results from 20 larynges. European Archives of Oto Rhino Laryngology, 264 (1), pp. 45 50. 2007
  21. Hertegard, S., Dahlqvist, A. R., Goodyer, E., & Maurer, F. (2004 August) Viscoelasticity in Scarred Rabbit Vocal Folds after Hyaluronan Injection. Otolaryngology    Head and Neck Surgery : 131 (2), P126. 2006.
  22. Goodyer, E., Muller, F., Bramer, B., Chauhan, D., Hess, M. In vivo measurement of the elastic properties of the human vocal fold. European Archives of Oto Rhino Laryngology, 263 (5), pp. 455 462. 2006
  23. Hess, M.M., Mueller, F., Kobler, J.B., Zeitels, S.M., Goodyer, E. Measurements of vocal fold elasticity using the linear skin rheometer. Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica, 58 (3), pp. 207 216. 2006
  24. Matts, P.J., Goodyer, E. A new instrument to measure the mechanical properties of human stratum corneum in vivo. Journal of Cosmetic Science, 49 (5), pp. 321 333. 1998.
  25. Goodyer E. Dimmer Control. Television Lighting(50), pp 40. 1993
  26. Goodyer, E.N. Application of CMOS technology to process instrumentation: some case studies. Software & Microsystems, 3 (3), pp. 75 77. 1984
4 Peer Reviewed Conference Presentations (43)
  1. Luong H. Vu, Benjamin N. Passow, Daniel Paluszczyszyn, Lipika Deka and Eric Goodyer. Neighbouring Link Travel Time Inference Method Using Artificial Neural Network.  IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (IEEE SSCI 2017) Honolulu, Hawaii, USA Nov201
  2. E.N. Goodyer, F. Muller, M. Hess, K. Kandan, F.Farukh. Conic deformation of the subglottic mucosa and its impact on the aerodynamics of the airflow over the vocal folds. PEVOC 12 Ghent August 2017
  3. D Paluszczyszyn, S Illya, E Goodyer, T Kubrycht, M Ambler. Water advisory demand evaluation and resource toolkit. CCWI2016 Nov 2016
  4. Ben Passow, David Elizondo, Eric Goodyer.  The role of Computational Intelligence in Integrated Traffic and Air Quality Management. Feasibility Results TPAC2016 Minneapolis August 2016
  5. S. Iliya, E. Goodyer, J. Gow, J. Shell, M. Gongora. Application of Artificial Neural Network and Support Vector Regression in Cognitive Radio Networks for RF Power Prediction Using Compact Differential Evolution Algorithm. 10th International Symposium Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Applications (AAIA15), Lodz, Poland, September 2015
  6. Sunday Iliya, Eric Goodyer, Jethro Shell, John Gow and Mario Gongora. Optimized Neural Network Using Differential Evolutionary and Swarm Intelligence Optimization Algorithms for RF Power Prediction in Cognitive Radio Network: A Comparative study. IEEE 6th International Conference On Adaptive Science & Technology (ICAST). Nigeria October 2014
  7. Daniel Paluszczyszyn, Warren Manning, Moath Al Doori, David Elizondo and Eric Goodyer, Range Extended Engine Management System for Electric Vehicles. AVEC14, Tokyo, Japan Sep 2014
  8. Moath Al Doori, Daniel Paluszczyszyn, David Elizondo, Benjamin Passow and Eric Goodyer.  Range Extended for Electric Vehicle Based on Driver Behaviour Recognition.The 2014 Hybrid and Electric Vehicles, HEVC 2014, Hatfield UK, November 2014
  9. A.B Orun, H. Seker, E. Goodyer, G. Smith and V. Uslan. An improvement of skin aging assessment by non invasive laser speckle effect: A comparative texture analysis, IEEE EMBS International Conferences on Biomedical and Health Informatics, Valencia, Spain, June 2014.
  10. Benjamin N. Passow, David Elizondo, Francisco Chiclana, Simon Witheridge, Eric Goodyer Adapting Traffic Simulation for Traffic Management: A Neural Network Approach.16th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems   ITSC 2013.
  11. Jacques Bouffier, Alan Wells, Steve Dibnah, Agata Ciolokosz Styk, Fabrizio Spallone, Louahdi Khoudour, Eric Goodyer, Clare Edwards, Suchith Anand, David Convers, Gherardo Chirici, Bruno Lasserre1, Teresa Raventos, Paweł Kwiatkowski, Hanna Kaisa Saari, Andrew Groom, Michel Corvino. THE ISSUE. Traffic, Health, Environment; Intelligent Solutions Sustaining Urban Economies. Intelligent Transport Systems World Congress, Tokyo, 2013
  12. Agata Ciołkosz Styk, Alan Wells Eric Goodyer,, Steve Dibnah, Clare Edwards, Suchith Anand, Mike Jackson, David Convers, Jacques Bouffier, Gherardo Chirici∞, Bruno Lasserre∞, Michela Corvino, Fabrizio Spallone, Teresa Raventos, Marta Gruziel, Paweł Kwiatkowski, Hanna Kaisa Saari, Andrew Groom. Intelligent Solutions Sustaining Urban Economies  Master Classes case study. International Cartographic Conference, Dresden, 2013
  13. Stefan Gustafsson, Norbert Hubner, Benjamin N. Passow, David Elizondo, Eric Goodyer, Yingjie Yang, Roland J. , James P. Lawrence, Satish Shah, Jolanta Obszynska, Sarah Brown. Integration Of Traffic Management And Air Quality Control (iTRAQ). European Transport Conference, Glasgow, October 2012
  14. P R Moore, C B Wong, X Chen, and E N Goodyer. Distributed Integrated Care Services and Systems. Mechatronics 2012, The 13th Mechatronics Forum International Conference September 17   19, 2012, Linz, Austria
  15. Dibnah, S., Goodyer, E., Jackson, M., Groom, A., Lattes, P., Bouffier, J., Spallone, F.. Chirici, G.. Corvino, M., Baranowski. M., Maczewski, K., Kmiecik, A. THE ISSUE. Traffic, Health, Environment; Intelligent Solutions Sustaining Urban Economies. Wells, A., Space Applications parallel meeting at the Toulouse Space Show June 2012
  16. Goodyer EN, Wong CB, Chen X, Moore P. The Importance of Inter Operability for Telematic Systems that support Mobility, Location and Tracking  2 Case Studies. Space Applications parallel meeting at the Toulouse Space Show June 2012
  17. Passow BN.  RJ, Lawrence J , Elizondo D, Yang Y, Goodyer E, Shah S, Brown S. An Integrated Traffic Management and Air Quality Control System Using Space Services . Space Applications parallel meeting at the Toulouse Space Show June 2012
  18. Eric Goodyer, Samad Ahmadi, Francisco Chiclana, David Elizondo, Mario Gongora, Benjamin N. Passow, Yingjie Yang. Delivery of Intelligent Transport Systems through the Application of Computational Intelligence. The International Conference on Climate Friendly Transport. Shaping Climate Friendly Transport in Europe. REACT Conference, Belgrade, Serbia.
  19. Shell J, Coupland S, Goodyer E. Fuzzy Data Fusion for Fault Detection in Wireless Sensor Networks. UKCI 10th Annual UK Workshop on Computational Intelligence, July 2010
  20. Goodyer EN, Dailey SH, Gundeson McClean. The anisotropic nature of the visco elastic properties of the human vocal fold. AQL 2010, Erlangen, Germany September 2010
  21. Eric Goodyer, Roland Leigh. Urban Air Quality and Intelligent Traffic Management: City of Leicester Case Study. Space Technology Applications for Intelligent Transport and the
    Urban Environment   National Space Centre, 21st January 2010
    .
  22. Goodyer E, Bramer B, Chauhan D, Gongora M, Ahmed A. GNSS & Healthcare. Toulouse Space Show June 2010
  23. Adane Y, Bavaro M, Dumville M, Goodyer E, Gow J. Low cost multi constellation front end for GNSS software defined receivers. European Navigation Conference   Global Navigation Satellite Systems 2009.
  24. S. Schmolke, F. Muller, Eric Goodyer, M. Hess, K. Puschel, U. Schumacher, AK. Licht . The Linear Skin Rheometer (LSR)   a reliable tool for measuring elasticity in artificially damaged vocal folds AQL 2008 Gronningen
  25. Adane Y, Bavaro M, Gow J, Goodyer E, Dumville M. Miniaturised Dual Channel High End Receivers For GNSS Software Defined Radio Applications. Navitec December 2008
  26. Goodyer E, Dailey SH, Gunderson M. Variation of stiffness of the mucosa inferior to the vocal fold. Advances in Quantitative Laryngology, Stockholm 2008.
  27. Chhetri DK, Goodyer EN. Control Of Vocal Fold Cover Stiffness By Laryngeal Muscles. The American Laryngological Association, spring meeting Orlando May 2008
  28. A K Licht, Goodyer EN, F Muller, JB Kobler, M Hess. Directionality of vocal fold elasticity. Dreilandertagung D A CH 24. Wissenschaftliche Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Phoniatrie und Pädaudiologie e. V. Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Phoniatrie und Padaudiologie e. V. 28.   30.09.2007, Innsbruck, Osterreich
  29. A K Licht, Goodyer EN, F Muller, JB Kobler, M Hess. The anisotropic nature of the vocal fold. PEVOC 2007 Groningen
  30. Goodyer E., Hemmerich S., Mueller F., Licht A. K., Hess M. Characterisation of the Elasticity of the Human Vocal Fold using Electromechanical Measurement Techniques. 7th International Conference Advances in Quantitative Laryngology, Voice and Speech Research. Groningen 2006.
  31. Hertegard S, Dahlqvist A, Goodyer E, Maurer F. Viscoelasticity in scarred rabbit vocal folds after hyaluronan injection   short term results. AAO HNSF/ARO Research Forum during the 2004 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. 2004.
  32. Goodyer EN, Gunter H, Masaki A, Kobler JB. Mapping The Visco Elastic Properties of the Vocal Fold. Advances in Quantitative Laryngology, Voice and Speech Research. Hamburg 2003.
  33. Goodyer E. The Enhancement of the Goodyer Skin Rheometer by means of a Microcontroller Based PCB. European Design and Test Conference (EDTC) Paris 1997
  34. Goodyer, E.N. An intelligent colour graphics display for use in vehicle dashboard instrument clusters. 2nd International Conference on Road Vehicle Automation (ROVA 95), Bolton, September, 1995
  35. Goodyer E. Novel sensors for measuring fuel flow and level, Proceedings of the SPIE   The International Society for Optical Engineering, Hamburg 1989.
  36. Goodyer E. Overview of a range of novel automotive sensors. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London. 1989.
  37. Goodyer E. A Microprocessor Controlled Level Gauge For Use In Petrol Road Tankers. Measurements we Couldnt Make Without a Micro, IEE Colloquium London May 1988
  38. Goodyer E. Novel sensors for measuring fuel flow and level. Sixth International Conference on Automotive Electronics (Conf. Publ. No.280), London,1987
  39. Goodyer E. Optical Sensors for Vehicles   ISATA International Symposium on Automotive Technology and Automation (ISATA) Florence. 1987.
  40. Goodyer E. Application Of Low Power Microtechnology To Process Instrumentation: Some Case Examples. IEE Colloquium on Low Power Microprocessor Systems (Digest No.85) 1983
  41. Goodyer, E. Microprocessor based gas flow computer. IMEKO , London, pp. 57-66, 1980.
  42. Goodyer E. A Modular Solution to the Design of Dedicated Laboratory Instrumentation. London 1980.
  43. Goodyer E. Integration and testing of microprocessor based systems . Programming microprocessors for industrial measurement & control. London, 1980 

5 Peer Reviewed Poster Presentation (5)

  1. Olowofoyeku O, Shell J, Goodyer E, Deka L. Vector Based Geosimulation Travel Time Model for Healthcare Facilties Catchment. ACM-W UK Inspire 2018
  2. Sunday Iliya, Eric Goodyer, Mario Gongora, Jethro Shell, John Gow. Optimized Artificial Neural Network Using Differential Evolution for Prediction of RF Power in VHF/UHF TV and GSM 900 Bands for Cognitive Radio Networks. 2014 UK Workshop in Computational Intelligence, Bradford (oral poster & proceedings)
  3. Daniel Paluszczyszyn, Moath Al Doori, Warren Manning, David Elizondo, Rupert Gammon and Eric Goodyer.  Range Extended Engine Managememt System for Electirc Vehicles. FPC2014 Future Powertrain Conference, National Motorcycle Museum, Solihull, Feb 2014
  4. Wong CB, Goodyer EN, Chen Xi, Moore P. iCARE   Mobile Telecare Poster Presentation at Modernised Satellite Navigation: The implementation of GNSS programmes & future challenges. London IET October 2011
  5. Cartner T, Fricker C, Kirk J, Rawlings AV, Goodyer E, Baker A, Swift B. Use of Advanced Skin Bioengineering Instrumentation to Qualify Skin Lotion Performance In A Long Term Care Environment NADONA/LTC Georgia, USA June 2010.

6 Conferences by Direct Invitation from the Organising Committee. (16)

  1. Shaping the Future of the UK Space Economy Commercial Application of Space-Related Research. Hallam Conference Centre London, 29 Jan 2015
  2. Commercial Application of Space Related Research   The Next Steps for Higher Education, Shaping the Future of the UK Space Economy Forum, 29th Jan 2014, London
  3. Smart Transport and Connected Cars Panel at Smart Future London 27th October 2014 London
  4. THE ISSUE 2014 International Conference & Trade Show on Intelligent & Sustatinable Transport Systems. Chair for Days 1 & 2. Holywell Park 11th & 12th February 2014.
  5. Railway Industries Association. Unlocking Innovation Scheme a perspective from outside the Rail Sector. The National Space Centre, 10th October 2012
  6. Business Meets Space  Satellite Data Apps. National Space Centre, October 2012
  7. Gravity Fields, Science and Technology Support for Business Conference. From KTP to Euro 60 Million a case study of an SME in Space
  8. Inside Governments The Future of Britains Space Economy Forum. London September 2012
  9. Chaired the Satellite Applications to support Urban Mobility round table debate at the Toulouse Space Show 2012
  10. Goodyer EN. Intelligent mobility, harnessing the power of data session. SERT@GVC 2012. Henry Ford College, Loughborough. Organised by CENEX on behalf of UKTI. 21/22 March 2012
  11. Goodyer EN. Opening conference launch of the THE ISSUE EU regions of Knowledge, various presentations to EU audience. The National Space Centre 17/18/19th Jan 2012
  12. Goodyer EN. First GFG2 Consultation Workshop   Identification of Global Environmental Earth Observation Needs. Invited as a specialist witness to present to this EU conference in Oslo examining new applications for Satellite Navigation. On the theme GNSS and Healthcare. October 2011
  13. Eric Goodyer. GNSS & Mapping   G STEP conference Leicester Global to Local: Space Innovations in Mapping. Nov 2011
  14. Eric Goodyer How GNSS Space Technology can give your business a lift off. Transform Your Business with Space Technology. 3U4B Conference at the National Space Centre Leicester. April 2010
  15. The MOHS Lectures by Placon. A series of lectures on rheometry at Wisconsin University. 2007.
  16. Goodyer E. Interfacing Analysis Equipment to Microcomputers  Some Case Histories. Paint Research Association   Symposium on Paint Analysis. 1984.
7 Other Book Chapters, Conferences, Articles and other activities of note (8)

  1. The Barracks Re-awakeing Project - member of Project Management Team in receipt of Coastal Revival Fund 48k grant 2016
  2. Participant in a Round Table discussion as part of the RSA Market Town Inititive Study. Berwick Upon Tweed Nov 2015. Rod Hyde, Pauline Moger, Pamela Warhurst and Kate Dodgson
  3. Leigh R, Wells A, Monks P, Passow B, Elizondon D, Goodyer E, Gustaffson S. Managing air quality: Systems for future cities in 60 uses of GMES. The European Space Agency, November 2012.
  4. Invited to attend Shaping the Vision for Future Transport: Future Transport Systems TIC proposal consultation event. The Techno Centre, Coventry University Technology Park, Puma Way, January 2011
  5. Goodyer EN, In Road Vehicle Automation II. An intelligent colour graphics display for use in vehicle dashboard instrument clusters. J Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0471967262. 1997
  6. Nwagboso C, Goodyer EN. Introduction to Automotive Sensory Systems   Chapter 1 of Automotive Sensory Systems. In Road Vehicle Automation I. Chapman & Hall. ISBN 0412458802. 1993
  7. Goodyer E, Neylan P. A comparative study of the INTEL 8086, ZILOG Z8000 and MOTOROLA MC68000. 1982
  8. NSC 800 Tested (CMOS processors)   in Microforecast Feb 1981  application report

8 Patents (1)

GB24 46447A In Vivo Laryngeal tensiometer. UK 13th August 2008

9 Journal & Grant Reviewing Duties (12)

  1. EPSRC
  2. Wellcome Trust
  3. Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
  4. Journal of Biomechanics
  5. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  6. Transactions on Fuzzy SystemsTransactions on Sensor Networks
  7. Journal of Applied Mathematics
  8. Transport iNET
  9. Energies
  10. ITSC2016 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society Conference
  11. Journal of Hydrogels
  12. 2017 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI) (SSCI 2017)

10 Member of conference committee/ paper refereeing committee (4)

  1. Berwick Investors Conference - Bridging Scotland and The Northern Powerhouse 17th March 2017 - organisation committee and chair
  2. Organisation committee for the special session "On and Through Skin: Analysis of skin driven information for early detection of skin and systemic diseases". The 36th Annual International Conference of The IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Chicago, USA, 6 30 August 2014
  3. IEEE International Conference on Electronics Design, Systems and Applications (ICEDSA 2012)
  4. COST 2103 Voice Action Conference 2009 & 3rd Advanced Voice Function Assessment International Workshop

11 Prizes (5)

  1. Times Higher Education Award 2010. Short listed in the group Outstanding Contribution to Innovation
  2. Lord Stafford Award for Innovation in Development category 2009. In recognition of the successful partnership between NSL Ltd & DeMontfort University
  3. Galileo Masters competition 2007 for Mobile Telecare. UK Winner and European runner up.
  4. SMART Award   to develop an embedded GSM based alarm system   4800 awarded 2001
  5. Which 2nd best buy for showers, 1993, for the Caradon Mira Advance Shower.

12 Popular Press & Public Engagement

12.1 TV and FILM (3)

  1. National Geographic Film The Truth About: Crystal Skulls broadcast Nov 2011.
  2. BBC East Midlands Today [1.30pm and 5.00pm programme] (21/10/2011): DMUs Eric Goodyer on DMUs new satellite receiver
  3. A TV documentary on the role of British Universities in advancing Science & Technology.

crystal skull

From National Geographics Film The Truth About: Crystal Skulls

12.2 Radio (5)

  1. BBC Radio Leicester in depth interview with Ben Jackson. Monday 11th Feb.
  2. BBC Radio Christmas 2010 discussion on the changing role of the family  covering the iCARE Assisted Living project and therefore care for older     people. A pre recorded slot and a live discussion
  3. BBC Radio Leicester evening news 4th November 2013, discussion on the value of the EU to UK business
  4. BBC Radio Leicester 1 hour discussion with Ben Jackson Monday 10th Feb 2014
Plus a number of brief interviews used in news broadcasts.

12.3 Schools (4)

  1. Leicester Grammar School Presentation to Year 12 Who s Afraid of Wrinkles covering a wide range of science and engineering topics in my research field. 
3 public debates and presentations on the value of EU membership, including the FP7 scientific programme and the Erasmus Student exchange programme.
  1. Boston Grammar School
  2. Lincoln College
  3. Branston Academy

12.4 Public Science Debate (1)

Member of Panel for a debate organised by the Royal Society of Chemistry at Loughborough University on the theme Who cares about science? (in my capacity as Labour Parliamentary Candidate for Charnwood) The Loughborough 2010 general election debate took place on Thursday the 29th of April at 7.30pm in the Turing Room, Holywell Park conference centre, at the University of Loughborough.

12.5 Print Media   Extensive

Selected highlights:- 
CENEX & DMU team up to solve to address range anxiety, and many similar sarticles realted to our iNET ERDF funded range extender project. Placed in a number of online sites including Fleetworld, The Green car Website, Auto news" November 2013
Mobile tech boosts mobility: Wide coverage in popular press including Daily Telegraph:
Nottingham sat nav firm teams up with DMU to develop new tracking technology, Nottingham Evening Press 4/9/2009
Scooters may get tracking device thanks to universities researchers. Leicester Mercury 12/12/2009
Mobility scooters to get trackers. RAC News December 2009
Uni Looks to Develop Tracking Technology for Mobility Scooters. Lincolnshire Echo 15/12/2009
What should we do with our rubbish over the next 25 years? Leicester Mercury 9/9/2009
Leicester firms urged to join space race. Leicester Mercury 20/4/2010
How IT helps the elderly live safely at home. Leicester Mercury 10/10/2009
Article in Leicester Mercury First Person slot re: Funding care for older people 16th Jan 2012
Article in Leicester Mercury First Person slot re: Space technology & the East Midlands 12th Mar 2012
Article in the Engineer, iCARE system could provide home help for the elderly. 23/9/20120

12.6 Science to Business Events

  1. Chaired the Berwick Investors Conference, March 2017
  2. Chaired the Berwick Small Busines Conference September 2016
  3. Chaired the Berwick Investors Conference, March 2016
  4. Gravity Fields science week, celebrating Isaac Newtons works. September 2012
  5. Chaired the Intelligent Mobility: A Commercial Reality event held at the NSC Nov 11 2011
  6. Presented at the launch of the 2010 European Satellite Navigation Competition. The IEE Savoy Place 11th May 2011, in my capacity as UK winner for 2007, and the European runner up for DeMontfort Proposal for Mobile Telecare for older people.
  7. Presented at Global to Local: Space Innovations in Mapping. The National Space Centre. 1/11/2011.
  8. Chaired Government Strategy for Innovation held at the NSC 2010
  9. Presented at: ESAs Integrated Applications Promotion Program. Space Technology Applications for Intelligent Transport and the Urban Environment National Space Centre, Exploration Drive, Leicester. January 21 2010.
  10. Presented at Transform Your Business with Space Technology. 3U4B Conference at the National Space Centre Leicester. April 2010
  11. Chaired the Ambient Assisted Living Networking Day, held at DMU May 2009
  12. Locating objects and resources: The National Space Centre 14/5/2009. Organised in partnership with Location & Timing KTN.

13 Qualifications

BSc Hons Pure & Applied Physics UMIST 1975
Msc Digital Electronics UMIST 1977
PhD Biomechanics De Montfort 2008 by Published Works
MIET C.Eng

Research Career 1977 to 2012

1 My Early Research Career

My professional scientific career began in 1997 when I joined the Scientific Instruments Research Association (Sira) as a new graduate, with a BSc in Pure & Applied Physics and an MSc in Digital Electronics. It is difficult to convey the excitement and vibrancy of Sira for those who did not directly experience the atmosphere. With a research establishment of about 80 people, and skills covering optics, electronics, life-sciences and engineering, we were continually coalescing into multi-disciplinary teams to deliver cutting edge outputs for a range of market sectors. Now long gone, there are many legacies, of which I will cover just a few.

I joined the Engineering Department just as micro-electronics was taking off, as part of the Microelectronics Application Project (MAP) delivery team. With grant support from the DTI, Sira played a key role in delivering the Governments MAP programme. MAP had three strands, dissemination, consultancy and design. Thus I became part of a national strategy to promote the use of Microelectronics by UK PLC, which included publications, conferences [43, 44, 45,46], training and visiting companies very early in my career. I also started work on an exciting new range of microprocessor based products, that span out of the MAP programme, the first being precision gas metrology for the Trans-Siberian Pipeline.

The drivers for outputs in the private sector are very different to academia, as is evidenced by my research record. Most important is income generation, which goes a long way to explain my success in securing grant income for the University. Next in-line are conferences, which are valued above journals in the private sector, as they are an opportunity to market skills and network. Thus my early career before joining DMU resulted in a series of peer-reviewed conference publications [37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46], and only three journals [13,14,15]. They were mostly delivered at International events in partnership with relevant Chartered Engineering Institutions, including the Institute for Measurement & Control, The Institute for Eelectrical Engineers (now the Instutte for Engineering & Technology), The Institute of Mechanical Engineering, and The International Society for Optics and Photonics. Regrettably this is an incomplete list, as most pre-date the Internet and Sira has long ceased trading, so I have only scant access to electronic records. These research outputs were based on economic impacts; that are the design, development and marketing of new measurement and scientific instruments.

1.1 Gas Metrology and the Trans-Siberian Pipeline

My first major research role on arrival at Sira was to take on the development of embedded software for gas metrology for The Trans-Siberian Pipeline. Microelectronics had opened up the opportunity to replace inaccurate analogue measuring devices with high precise digital solutions. Using the latest technology (8-bit processors!), and a 32-bit floating point maths package, we were able to deliver the most accurate gas meter in the sector. All code was developed in assembler, as high level languages were not yet available for 8-bit microprocessors. The products were a great success, and for the next decade I followed the growth of that pipe-line as it snaked across Europe, via Poland & Czechoslovakia into Germany, France, The Balkans and down to Italy. I always knew where the feeder pipes were as a new set of National Regulations would arrive on my desk whenever it neared a new border. The first Gas Flow Computer was developed for KDG Instruments Ltd, and later for BS Instruments, but the prime contractor was Instromet.

782

The Instromet Model 782 Gas Flow Correctors installed in the
Trans-Siberian Pipeline Control Centre

We went on to deliver similar devices for the Alaskan pipeline, using an incredible new technology  CMOS micro-controllers. The advent of affordable CMOS opened up new markets in gas & oil metrology, as new designs had to comply with the requirements for Intrinsic Safety. The other new technology that we deployed were small battery powered MODEMs  the Pocket Stradcom V22 data MODEM, operated with a single PP3 battery, enabled us to deliver near real-time telemetry on the Alaskan pipeline at a data rate of 1200 BPS; which was an industry first. This experience led me into my later activities in telematics.

A good example of another intrinsically safe telemetry project in this market sector was the development of a series of Ship-to-Shore, and Ship-to-Buoy, Radio Frequency signalling systems to assist oil tankers to navigate into port and to dock. Based on the Rockwell 1802 microprocessor, these products were delivered to Ocean Technical Services Ltd, and they are still available today but no-doubt with more modern components.

My first research outputs date to this period. I presented the Gas Flow Computer at my first International Conference in 1980 [44]  organised by the International Institute of Measurement & Control (IMEKO) in partnership with other learned institutions. We also exhibited the Gas Flow Computer at a major exhibition held at Wembley Stadium  in time this developed into the Microelectronics Exhibitions that ran alongside InterNepcon. We were exceptionally proud of our exhibit, as unlike the majority of stands that were displaying components and sub-assemblies, we were one of the few that presented a commercial product. We were however brought back to earth when a visitor to the stand looked at our Gas Flow Computer and asked How do you play this game?

My first peer-reviewed journal was based on our application of CMOS processors [15], and that led to invitations to present at an IEE Symposia on the application of CMOS in industry [43]. So I was delivering research outputs that would be recognised in academia, in an international arena, early in my career.

1.2 Industrial Instrumentation

Microelectronics transformed the engineering of instrumentation, enabling the development of embedded software capable of delivering accurate measurements, complex user interfaces, and control strategies without the need to use a large computer. Given here is a sample of the R&D programmes that I worked on, or led.

1.2.1 PID Control

KDG Instruments Ltd marketed a PID controller that was wholly analogue. This was not uncommon at the end of the 1970s, as computer control always meant using a main frame or mini-computer. A mini computer at that time would look more like something from a Dr Who television set than a modern PC. Typically they were a floor to wall 19 inch rack mounted assembly, consuming a lot of power and taking up a lot of space.

A new off-shoot of microprocessors changed this view of computing  Microcontrollers. Microcontrollers were a single chip solution that included an on-board microprocessor, code memory, data memory, and a range of useful peripheral to support connectivity to the outside world. For the Gas Flow Computer we used an 8085 Microprocessor with 4k bytes of external Read Only Memory (ROM) and 8k bytes of external Random Access Memory (RAM). For this development we used the latest in microcontroller technology  the INTEL 8048. We were not allowed to replace the analogue PID circuitry, mainly due to market resistance, but we were able to provide Computer Supervised Control of the PID operations, using the embedded Microcontroller  whereas previously it would have required a link to a remote mini or main-frame computer. This was one of the first digital process controllers on the market.

1.2.2 3-Axis Motor Control and Feed-forward Self Tuning Predictive Control

Control theory is a fascinating subject, however applying it for real is where the excitement really is. I have developed embedded control software for a range of commercial products during my career and offer here 3 of the more challenging examples.

Perhaps the best example is the 3D Coordinate Measuring machine that we worked on for W A Metrology, part of the Pressac group. This machine tool was built out of granite, with each axis literally weighing tons. Motion was achieved using substantial DC motors and air bearings. With Heidenhain optical scales we were able to move to 3D coordinate with an accuracy of 1 micron. The control code, which I took personal charge of, required each movement in 3D space to be resolved simultaneously into linear motion in each of the 3 axes. So each actuator would be moving at different speeds over different distances, to achieve a smooth 3D movement for the measurement probe. The basis of the solution was a multi-processor system, with a main controller carrying out the mathematical transformations in real time, and delegating to 3 axis controllers the task of managing their own actuator. Getting it wrong would be both damaging and painful.

status 3


Status 3 Co-Ordinate Measuring Machine

At the other extreme I developed an embedded gear mesh controller for a semi-automatic gearbox, which used a single CPU embedded into the vehicle power train. The difference between the two projects being 10 years, and the arrival of even smaller digital devices.

One other challenging control project was the Caradon MIRA Advance Shower, for which we received the Which Second Best Buy accolade, due to our price being 5 more than the winner. Even though this may seem to be just a simple white goods development, it remains one of the most complex control challenges that I have faced. Simplistic feedback control is not acceptable, as the inevitable overshoot in temperature could cause harm to the user. Instead I developed a self-tuning predictive feed-forward system. The embedded CPU contained a mathematical model of how the heater and water flow mechanism works. Instead of measuring the output temperature, a feed-forward system measures the inputs to the system, and then predicts what will happen at time t+1 (in our case 1 ms). The output of this calculation is the instantaneous set point for the water flow controller, which did employ a traditional feedback control loop. To manage long term-drift an output temperature sensor continuously monitors the effectiveness of the mathematical model, which is dynamically adjusted to take account of measured long term changes. Thus we had a traditional feedback control loop for managing water flow, which takes a set-point derived by a feed-forward predictive control loop, which itself is managed by a self-tuning learning algorithm. All this in an 8-bit Motorola HC11 microcontroller.

Other notable products were the digital electronics and control strategy for the UKs first 3D X-Ray machine for detecting bomb threats in aircraft hold baggage, and the sequence control and Human-Machine-Interface for an innovative system to manufacture seamless O rings.

ish

Axis 3D X Ray Hold Baggage Scanner for Image Scan Holdings

1.2.3 Thermal Imaging & Pyrometry

The interdisciplinary nature of research carried out at Sira was a great aid for the cross-fertilisation of ideas and emerging technologies. Sharing an office with engineers engaged on our Space and Defence projects was always a source of inspiration. One being the development of the first hand held thermal imaging camera for civilian use. I led this project for MEL Ltd, in 1981.

Infra Red (IR) sensors were then an established technology; however the technical breakthrough that enabled us to produce a commercial hand-held thermal imager was the availability of low-cost linear arrays of IR detectors. Our design used an array of 8 detectors and a rotating polygon mirror with 8 facets at different angles. By spinning the polygon mirror the scene was scanned 8 times, producing 64 lines of IR data. This data was sampled by an embedded CMOS microcontroller to enable the capture of a 64 x 64 IR image. The embedded microcontroller then synchronised the illumination of an array of 8 LEDs, to coincide with a 180 degree spin of the mirror. Thus the visible light would pass back through the identical optical path, but in the opposite direction, thereby nulling out manufacturing defects. I took on the design of the embedded microelectronics & software that captured and created the image.

Later variants included a real-time analysis of IR signal strength, which with knowledge of the objects emissivity and the IR detector characteristics enabled us to insert a temperature read-out into the displayed image. Similar developments were carried out for Lasergage Ltd and Land Infra-Red. Even though these devices were intended for use by the Fire Brigade, our lab was emptied during the Falklands war  and regrettably all our prototype thermal imagers were sunk with the Torrey Canyon. Due to the commercial nature of this work, and that it was a spin-off of defence technology, we were not able to publish our results.

1.3 Automotive

Sira was a contract research organisation, and we would take relevant work from any market sector. However automotive research has been a recurrent theme throughout my career, and is of particular relevance to DMU, as that experience aided our efforts to develop our new Intelligent Transport Systems research group DIGITS. DIGITS is now well established, with grants from ESA, the Transport iNET and the EU. There are a steady stream of EU Ph.D. students coming and going. New contacts are being made with industry, transport authorities and learned societies active in the field, and a new MSc is under development.

All this seems a long way from my first automotive research project with the Ford Motor Company some 30 years ago. Since then I have worked with Jaguar Land Rover, Renault, Peugeot, Rolls Royce, Aston Martin, Rover, GKN, Siemens, Lucas and other component suppliers and developers. Of note was a bizarre engineering project that created a hybrid vehcile with a Rolls Royce top welded to a Land Rover wheel base, my role being the design of a network interface between the two different vehicle telematics systems.

The early projects were pure advanced research, covering active suspension, optical sensors, driver awareness monitoring and driver displays. The optical sensor developments are well represented in my early peer-reviewed conference outputs [38, 39, 40, 41, 42], and book chapters [63, 64].

At Sira my research team delivered a number of innovative optical sensors, include steering wheel position, acceleration, tilt, fuel flow and axle load. Most of these were used as inputs to the active suspension system for CDW34  which was Fords code-word for the World Model Sierra. One non-optical device was a piezoelectric driven oscillating aluminium rod, which we deployed successfully to measure the volumetric contents of road tankers. Integrated into a control system to manage the loading of multiple fuel storage tanks on the road tanker, it was called the System for Tanker Instrumentation & Control  the client was Drum Engineering Ltd  and their marketing department delighted in the launch of the DRUM-STIC.

tiltflowangle

Optical Sensors for Tilt, Fuel Flow and Steering Angle (1980s)

Later work included CAN network interface modules for Jaguar and Rolls Royce, as well as the CAN data network to support Intelligent Collision Detection (ICD) for Lucas and DERA. ICD is now fitted as standard on many volume vehicles. I also developed the heating control unit for the ill-fated Rover X25, shortly before the company went into administration. Like many others I returned from annual leave, expecting to go to Longbridge on Monday, only to find the doors padlocked, and the projects closed down.

dip

In Vehicle Driver Display
To provide visual feedback for Fords active suspension development

For Lucas I developed code for their electronic tachographs, and assisted in scoping one of the first commercial applications for a new data service available on Mobile Phones called the Short Message Service (SMS), intended for use to track vehicles before GPS was readily available. This concept was later developed into a commercial product which provided Logistics & Tracking for trucks across Europe. It used triangulation of the GSM MODEM to obtain a location fix, which was uploaded to the logistics server, and was the first European wide fleet management and logistics system.

The arrival of commercial GPS however opened up the market. My first GPS development was AutoTxt, now fitted as standard to all Aston Martin vehicles. AutoTxt was the first factory fitted vehicle alarm, immobilisation and recovery system that met the Thatcham Cat 5 requirement for all European operation. At its most successful AutoTxt was made in 1000s and supplied to JLR as an after market product.

This background in the automotive sector has been of particular value to DMU. My links with the GSM sector enabled me to secure our strategic partnership with Orange Mobile Communications who now sponsor our telematics teaching and research (the Orange connection was highlighted in the Guardians recent University review). My commercial use of GPS helped DMU gain status in the Downstream Space Applications sector. DMU has secured substantial grants and consultancy that can be traced directly to my automotive contracts and expertise.

DMU are now known internationally as a centre of expertise for the design of ITS systems. This is best exemplified by the invitation that I received from the Toulouse Space Show 2012 to chair a round-table discussion (in French & English) on the subject of satellite applications for urban mobility.

1.4 Physiological & Medical

My involvement with the design of sensors for physiological measurements, medical and cosmetic analysis purposes, started early in my career. One of the first grants that we secured at Sira from the MAP-CON scheme was to assist Vickers Medical Ltd. The MAP-CON scheme was part of the MAP programme and provided grants of 3k to companies seeking advice on developing products that would be based on the emerging technology of microelectronics.

Vickers at that time marketed a baby incubator that used a traditional analogue controller, and my task was to outline and evaluate the design of modern replacement that used digital control. It was only a small project, but I was extremely pleased to discover only very recently that it is now an exhibit in the Science Museum.

See http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/objects/display.aspx?id=92354

Other physiological projects include

Drop Sensor
Airborne microbial contamination monitor
Automated catheter for bladder control
Gut motility sensor
Hair bending force
Hair thickness meter
Hair tangle meter
Skin colouration
Skin texture
Apnoea alarm
Skin elasticity
Skin friction & roughness
Vocal fold elasticity
Automated rasp for hip replacement procedures
Medicated bandages for care of geriatric skin
Lubricity of oils used on condoms

Of specific interest is the development of the Linear Skin Rheometer (LSR) for Proctor & Gamble in 1992.This device is used to measure the rheological properties of tissue, by the application of extremely low sinusoidal forces (typically +- 3g) and the measurement of the resultant displacement. The device was developed to support advertising claims for skin moisturisers and related cosmetics. It has however been widely used in support for a range of fundamental research programmes, and was the cause of my invitation from Harvard Medical School to collaborate with their tissue engineering research programme.

lsr

The Linear Skin Rheometer with 3-Axis Positioning Table

One unusual variant of the LSR was constructed for SSL Ltd, manufacturers of the Durex range of condoms. In one of its configurations the LSR can be used to measure tissue friction. An LSR is now in use by SSLs laboratories in Bangkok, where it evaluates the lubricity of the oils used to coat their condom range.

1.5 White Goods

I have designed a range of products for the consumer market. Clients include Stoves and New World Gas Cookers, Dimplex heaters, and Whirlpool washing machines. Of note for their research requirements were two projects

The Advance shower was noteworthy for the development of a real-time predictive control algorithm that modelled water flow rates through the unit to deliver near instantaneous control accuracy. The algorithm included a self-tuning mechanism, based on a long-term analysis of the shower performance, which dynamically adjusted the mathematical model to take account of changing conditions (e.g. degradation of the heating elements, or wear of the water valve).

Flymos lawn mower was pure robotics research. The embedded controller sensed information from a range of transducers, including an innovative grass sensor. In effect the algorithm would select the best strategy to find the grass and cut it, and when required locate a power socket and recharge itself.

Both of these projects could have yielded engineering research papers. However these projects were undertaken on a contract basis, after I left Sira and before I was offered a pro-rata contract at DMU.

1.6 Telematics, SCITEL & GSI Ltd

My early involvement with the application of telemetry for the oil and gas industry led into new telematics developments, some of which have already been highlighted. These included wired and wireless telemetry for a range of market sectors.

This expertise was applied to develop a new range of CRT based Videotext terminals with embedded data MODEMS, very similar to the highly successful French MINITEL product. This development originated within my Product Development Group, and led to the spin out of a new company, SCITEL Ltd. SCITEL was jointly owned by Sira and Cavendish Automation, with Sira being the junior partner. I was appointed General Manager of SCITEL in 1991, and relocated to Leicestershire to find premises for the new venture.

t150

The T150 Teletext Terminal

The product range was successful. The UK market was limited to users of the PRESTEL Videotext service. However we added support for the French Minitel services, as well as starting the development of an upgrade to support the German Bildshirmtext protocol. Our sales were to niche markets, such as Telephone Devices for the Deaf. All came to a sudden end when Cavendish Automation went in to administration, and thus we lost our start-up funding. The team however continued, and I set up my own design and engineering company which in due course became Goodyer Scientific Instruments Ltd. One of my first projects was the development of a PC based screen emulator for Prestel, Teletel & Bildshirmtext.

We also secured access to a new hardware platform, an innovative LCD based Italian videotext terminal from CELINT; for whom I developed a range of new embedded software services for many years. One of the more interesting is the software for Banco Santanders Home Banking Terminal; which pre-dates Internet banking. The CELINT range was distributed by Olivetti.


celint


CELINT Terminal used for Home Banking  Courtesy of the Bildshirmtext Museum

Early on in the history of GSI Ltd I made contact with Hutchinson Paging, who introduced me to a range of customers who required bespoke paging services. One of the more interesting applications being the large screen display at the rear of the Tory Party 1996 Bournemouth Conference. As part of the Police security operation (codename Blue Pool) I developed a system that would allow the Chief of Police to send messages directly to the display, using a paging channel, in the event of an emergency. A more mundane application that I produced was for the racing tipster Bob Rothman, who claimed to have taken the bookies for 2 Million on one horse. This app enabled Bob to send a synchronised betting tip to 100s of punters throughout the UK, so that they would place their bets simultaneously to keep the odds high. The significance of these projects for DMU is that Hutchinson Paging became Orange Mobile Communications, who through my well-established contacts, now sponsor our teaching and research as a Strategic Partnership.

2 De Montfort University

I joined DMU as an hourly paid part-time lecturer in 1994. I came to teach, but brought with me a wealth of commercial experience, which has since proved to be highly beneficial. This is evidenced by my income generation record, the commercial introductions that I have brought to the University, and my research outcomes & impacts.

2.1 Medical Research

In 2001 one of my journal papers came to the attention of Harvard Medical School, which detailed the LSR [13] device that my team had devised to enable Proctor & Gamble to measure the visco-elastic properties of the stratum corneum. Harvard had just stared a new research programme to develop tissue augmentation material to restore the visco-elastic properties of people who had scarred vocal folds. A successful outcome would lead to a viable long-term therapy for both dysphonia (disordered voice) and aphonia (total loss of voice).

The visit was a success, and I continued to collaborate with the Harvard team for a number of years. Through them I was introduced to other researchers in the field, Universitat Klinic Eppendorf (UKE), The Karolinska Institute, Wisconsin Medical Centers, UCLA and most recently Athens University. I worked with all of these teams, generally in the field of tissue engineering.

2.1.1 Harvard Medical School

I first visited Harvard in 2001, and with EPSRC support continued working with them for 3 years. The objective of their research programme is the development of a UV polymerised hyaluronic acid gel to be used to augment scarred vocal fold tissue. The initial funding for this programme came from Julie Andrews, who turned to the PI, Steve Zeitels to find a way of restoring her vocal folds, which were severely scarred during what should have been a routine surgical procedure. Steve Zeitels has an exceptional international reputation for phonosurgery.

The LSR was of particular interest as it offered a means to measure vocal fold tissue properties in-vivo during the surgical procedure to restore vocal fold function. By enabling the surgeon to obtain real-time feedback of the change in elasticity, it would enable the gel to be tuned to best match the elasticity on the opposite side.

However the LSR was too cumbersome to be used in the operating room environment. A few years later a suitable device was developed by my research team at DMU, and was successfully deployed at UKE Hamburg.

The collaboration did however produce some research outputs [12, 36], mainly related to the normative behaviour of vocal fold tissue. It also led the way to further work and introductions to new collaborators. I am still in contact with the Harvard team.

2.1.2 UKE Hamburg

With support from the EPSRC and The Royal Society my attention turned to 3 years of collaboration with UKE Hamburg. At UKE we devised a range of techniques to measure the normative behaviour of healthy human tissue using excised larynges from donors. These have been published [8,10,11,12], and led to some interesting observations. The most significant being that the Superior Lamina Propria, presumed by many to be homogeneous, exhibits strong anisotropic behaviour [1].

We also successfully devised and deployed a device to measure the biomechanical properties of the human vocal fold during surgical procedures. It is this design that is the subject of my patent, and the basis of private presentations to selected audiences at Harvard Medical School and Wisconsin Medical Centers.

2.1.3 Karolinska Institute

I have been invited to assist with two research programmes at the Karolinska Institute, which were supported by the Royal Society and the EPSRC. Both required the objective analysis of the effectiveness of tissue engineering trial; the first being the use of hyaluronic acid augmentation, the other an evaluation of the effectiveness of stem cell implants. The research outputs of the augmentation study were published and presented at a conference in the US [10, 33].

2.1.4 Wisconsin Medical Centers

Wisconsin invited me to assist them with their $2.8 Million bid to the NIH for their 3 year programme to develop a range of tissue engineering therapies. I was the only non US named consultant to this bid, which was successful. I secured support from the EPSRC and the Royal Societies to work at Wisconsin, where I was engaged in a range of preparatory work to support the future assessment of the research outputs. This programme has now completed, and did result in a number of peer reviewed journal outputs with international co-authors [4, 5, 6].


2.1.5 UCLA

My most recent American collaboration has been with UCLA, where they are developing re-innervation techniques as a therapy for vocal fold paresis. A key output from this EPSRC supported collaboration was the first laboratory correlation between nerve stimulation and the resultant tension measured in the vocal fold tissue [7, 29].

2.1.6 Skin Elasticity

Skin stiffness is a major cause of injury, and bed sores, in geriatric skin. I have worked with 4 multi-national companies to develop aids to reduce the risk of skin tearing, which have resulted in medical and commercial impacts. These are P&G, Unilever, Boots & GoJo, with work being undertaken in the USA and the UK.

The techniques I helped to develop to evaluate Proctor & Gambles cosmetic formulations in the 1990s, and additional skills developed as a result of the tissue engineering research detailed above, have been successfully transferred to support the evaluation of skin formulations, and medicated bandages for geriatric skin.

As all this work was commercially confidential only 1 peer-reviewed poster exists as a publication [47]. Both GoJo and Unilever took their products to market, and Boots & P&G are currently evaluating their new range of products that are specifically designed for the care of older skin. DMU has secured consultancy income from Boots as a result of my evaluation of their new formulation.

2.1.7 Other Medical Outputs

I am pleased to report that I have a good working relationship with our HLS Faculty, and have active collaborations in place with Geoff Smiths Pharmaceutical Technologies research group. Current work includes examining optical techniques to detect skin lesions, as part of the wider programme examining melanoma  as well as providing technical assistance for Katie Lairds microbiology research.

My contact with Dr Katie Laird arose from a pre-DMU commercial project to develop an automated airborne microbiological contamination monitor for Fred Baker Scientific. This device was funded with the assistance of a Smart Award, and the company has now been bought by 3M. This particular area of interest exemplifies the value that my commercial work has been in supporting fundamental research at DMU.

2.1.8 Summary of Medical Outputs & Impacts

I have been invited to join research teams at Harvard, Wisconsin, UCLA, UKE Hamburg, The Karolinska Institute and Athens University. I have worked with commercial companies in the UK, Thailand and the USA. As well as generating research outputs in terms of publications and grants secured, I have also assisted commercial companies to take related medical products to market.

2.2 Telematics & Instrumentation

Whilst medical instrumentation has been the main source of my pure research outputs and international peer esteem, it is instrumentation in general, and telematics in particular, that has been the main source of my income generation success for DMU. The vast majority of the 1.4 million that I have secured for DMU have been via collaborative R&D programmes with industry. These have included KTPs, TSB and EU funded projects. Translating fundamental research into commercial impacts is an important role for UK academia; and my extensive outputs in this arena are offered as evidence of my economic and commercial contributions.

2.2.1 KTPs

I have secured 6 KTPs in my own right over the last decade, and supported successful bids by other staff for two more. All of these resulted from my commercial activities as a consultant, or led to consultancy contracts being won by DMU. I will highlight just 3 of these projects.

For Thorlux Lighting we developed a complete end-to-end telematics solution to automatically monitor emergency lighting. A task normally undertaken by inspectors making costly site visits is now carried out automatically using a wired network as part of the building services management infrastructure, linked by mobile phone telemetry to a secure web server. This has formed the basis of key case study of DMU expertise, as well as providing valuable consultancy income and teaching material

AutoTxt was the first vehicle alarm/immobilisation/recovery system that met the Thatcham CAT5 requirement for all European operation by a factory fitted device. Originally developed for volume production for Jaguar Land Rover, it is now owned by Aston Martin and fitted to all their vehicles. As well as securing the KTP, DMU also secured the contract to develop and install the track-side testing system for AutoTxt at the Aston Martin factory. It remains a valuable case-study of DMU expertise.

PRIMO, the worlds first multi-constellation Satellite Navigation receiver was the result of an outstanding KTP with NSL Ltd, a Nottingham based SME who specialise in SatNav applications [28, 30]. The new device is able to capture data from GPS (USA), GALILEO (EU) and COMPASS (China), as well as Space Based Augmentation Systems. Later models also capture data from the Russian GLONASS system. This development resulted in NSL securing a place in a 60 Million EU project, as well as generating substantial revenues for the company. It has helped build DMUs reputation in the field of Space Technology, and helped us develop links with the TSB and ESA. We also won a Lord Stafford Award and were short-listed for a THES award.

The other project were GSM based, for Dailys UK (using SMS to deliver instant messaging), BGlobal (using GPRS for smart metering), and RingTrack which is GPS/GPRS related.

2.2.2 Orange Mobile Communications  and GSM

A common technology found in the above projects is the use of GSM technology to deliver Machine to Machine communications. This has resulted in my close relationship with Orange Mobile Communications. Thanks to this relationship I secured the sponsorship for DMU of our Orange Mobile Communications Laboratory. Orange are a strategic partner, and this is used for marketing by our Faculty.

This demonstrates the strong link between my work with industry, and my research impacts.

2.3 Transport

I was delighted to assist in the creation of DIGITS, DMUs Interdisciplinary Group for Intelligent Transport Systems. Led by the co-directors Professor Francisco Chiclana and Dr David Elizondo, it emerged over a number of years, with each of us playing a part in its development. It is this team culture that has made working with DIGITS such a pleasure. Now joined by Professor Andy Collops rail infrastructure research team, DIGITS has expanded its areas of interest and expertise, and I look forward to its growing success.

My role was to exploit my commercial contacts to help secure some early funding success. The two major projects being iTRAQ, and THE-ISSUE. ITRAQ, led by David Elizondo, has developed a system that uses Computational Intelligence (CI) to provide Active Traffic Management (ATM) to balance the need to reduce urban congestion, and to improve air quality. It is a wide collaboration, engaging Industry, Local Government, DMU and Leicester University. Funded by the European Space Agency and the Transport iNet, the research impacts have received widespread acclaim. We are now in the process of negotiating further substantial funding, and the fundamental research outputs are being translated into a commercial product, which should generate long-term royalty revenues for our University.

THE-ISSUE is a 3 year FP7 Regions of Knowledge project, worth Euro 2.75 Million. It was developed jointly by me, and Emeritus Professor Alan Wells from Leicester University (who played a major role in developing the National Space Centre, and has participated in a number of space missions). As well as building on the East Midlands Regional presence in Transport, THE-ISSUE has grown to include clusters from 5 other EU regions, in France, Italy, Poland, Greece & Spain. The objectives are international, being the development of a European Joint Action Plan and Special Interest Group to push forward the use of IT in the projects objective sectors of Transport, Health & the Environment.

As a result of both iTRAQ and THE-ISSUE, I and my colleagues, have been able to present a number of peer-reviewed research outputs at the Toulouse Space Shows for 2010 and 2012 [20, 21, 22, 26], and The REACT Conference in Serbia [23]. I was also invited to be a specialist witness at the GFG2 conference in Norway, where I presented on the role that space technology has in delivering health care [56]. I was invited to chair one of the sessions of 2012 Toulouse Space Show conference [53].

A summary of the iTRAQ project has been included in publication of a compendium of significant Earth Observation (G-MES) projects throughout Europe, published by NEREUS. This book was launched in Brussels in October 2012, to an audience that included members of European parliament.

Other transport related research outcomes include Autotxt, PRIMO and more recent work on Satellite Navigation concepts, which are maturing as KTP and consultancy bids.

2.4 Assisted Living

I present this work as a cross-cutting theme linking medical instrumentation, with transport, embedded systems and satellite navigation. In 2007 I was the UK winner of the GALILEO Masters competition, a European wide technology competition to present innovative applications for SatNav technology. My idea was to use a miniature SatNav device, coupled with some physiological sensors, to monitor the well-being and location of older people suffering from dementia. Ironically I was working at UCLA at the time on the reinnervation therapy project when I received the call  an interesting juxtaposition of my fundamental medical research with my applied development work. For the record I was European runner-up, losing out to a French idea to use the Universal Time Clock field in SatNav data to time-stamp financial transactions.

Whilst there are now many comparable products on the market, none as yet has achieved the concepts that I outlined, and for which I won the award. It was instrumental in helping secure a major TSB award (1.6 Million) to develop iCARE, and is now the basis of a KTP bid for a collaborative venture to take it to market.

iCARE is an extension of the superb work being carried out by DMUs Mechatronics Research Group (MRG), and has successfully demonstrated a platform for inter-operability for assisted living devices. This will feed directly into MRGs role on the CENELEC working party for inter-operability, and if adopted should bring down the cost of caring for older people in the community, as well as promoting innovation. Thus iCARE delivers multiple impacts, economic, health and social.


Automotive & Transport

rear

Rear Steer for Taxis
Electronic & embedded software design 

A concept vehicle to develop rear steer for Taxis to provide a tighter turning circle, now in production

GSI Project

x25

Rover - Heating control for the X25
Embedded software

Part of the Rover rescue project, which failed. One small part of the new vehicle was the passenger heating controller. Using an 8051 and the K-Bus, a pair of air-flow flaps were adjusted to independently control the driver and passenger temperatures. There was small batch production until the company collapsed. 

GSI Project

autotxt

Aston Martin - AutoTxt
Electronic design and embedded software

Autotxt was the first factory fitted vehicle alarm, immobilisation and recovery unit that met the Thatcham Cat 5 standard. Shown here is the Arm-7 variant used for Aston Martin that was developed after the original Atmel 8051 unit that was developed for Jaguar Land Rover. The earlier device used a combined GSM/GPS module from Falcom, later designs used discrete modules. Now owned by Aston Martin.

ish

Image Scan Holdings - 3D X-Ray of aircraft hold baggage
Control software and electronics

ISH developed the first 3D X-ray system for threat detection in aircraft hold baggage. This technology has now been applied in a range of different markets. This system used the Quarndon QCAN module to provide control of the belt.

GSI Project

window

Electronic and embedded software for a range of automotive ECUs

Shown here is a window control unit for Aston Martin, a similar project was the design of a snow switch with a post ignition electronic setting memory.

GSI Project

dominator

Rolls Royce & LandRover - Wiring harness interface
Embedded electronic and software development

A small batch of hybrid vehicles were manufactured, known as the Bentley Dominator range, made from a Bentley chassis and a Range Rover wheelbase. The project being the design of ECUs to provide an interface between the different wiring harnesses.

GSI Project

xj6

Jaguar - ECU interface for X6 to Granada
Embedded electronics & software development

Following the acquisition of Jaguar by Ford, a fleet of concept hybrid vehicles were produced using the X6 and the Granada. The project was to design an ECU that interfaced the different wiring harnesses. Shown here is an ECU that converted RPM and MPH data on the CAN bus into frquency outputs for the Driver Information Panel

GSI Project

fleetlogger

Lucas Kienzle - Fleetlogger
Embedded software development

The Fleetlogger was one of a range of electronic tachographs manufactured by Lucas Kienzle. This one, based on a Dallas 8051 CPU, logged distance, harsh braking and over-speeding incidents. It also provided an intelligent immobilisation system, requiring drivers to present a touch memory to identify themselves, with the complete log of the drive being downloaded to the touch memory on request.

GSI Project

exotech

GKN - Automatic Shim Selection for Differential Gear-Boxes - led by Exotech Ltd
Software development

This machine tool was developed by Exotech Ltd, its purpose being a mechanism to automatically select shims to set-up differential gear boxes for KGN. The gear box is mounted in a known assembly and taken through a series of mechanical movements, data captured from the device is used to determine the optimum width for the shims. Another project carried out for GKN was the development of an automatic gear mesh unit, embedded within the engine compartment.

GSI Project

tm

Traffic Master Display. This module was designed for use within the driving compartment, and displayed traffic congestion data obtained from the TM paging data channel

GSI Project

ford

Ford - Driver Information Panel (DIP) TV Screen (also Lucas AVSD & DERA)
Project manager, electronic design and embedded code,

Developed to support the active suspension R&D programme, this is an early example of the use of a TV screen in a vehicle. Based on the credit card miniature GCATT PC, driving a portable TV display from Sharp (1/4 VGA screens were not yet on the market) the system provided real time feedback from a range of vehicle sensors. The system was further developed to support the display of parameters for Intelligent Collision Detection for Lucas AVSD & DERA.

GSI Project

sharp

Sharp Displays
Technical support

The software used in the automotive projects was used by Sharp to demonstrate their new range of LCD displays at exhibitions. Note the small PC boards in the centre driving an LCD display. This was new ground in the early 1990s.

GSI Project

ots

Ocean Technical Systems - Ship to Shore Telemetry
Project manager

Based on the RCA 1802 CMOS microprocessor, a ship-to-ship and ship-to-buoy telemetry systems were developed for OTS. The primary purpose to aid navigation and docking. 

SIRA Project

drum

Drum Engineering - DRUM STIC System for Tanker Instrumentation & Control
Development engineer

Drum Engineering specialise in fitting out road tankers. The DRUM_STIC system uses a vibrating tubular transducer to measure the tank contents, and liquid density in each of the tankers containers. Fed into a central computer this concept is to use the data to balance load and filling. 

SIRA project

flow

Ford - Optical Fuel Flow
Project Manager 

One a range of optical sensors developed for Ford furing this period in support of a range of R&D project. This device used Doppler to measure the fuel flow,reliant on particles being present in the fuel line to reflect the light. 

SIRA Project

tilt

Ford - Vehicle Tilt
Project Manager

An example of an optical device developed for Ford, as part of their active suspension programme. Other device were acceleration, axle load, and windscreen obscuration.

SIRA Project

inertia

First Inertia Switch - Optical Steering Wheel Position Sensor
Project Manager

Now common place, using distributed sensors in vehicles was a new concept in the 1980s. This device was developed to provide data for Fords active suspension system R&D programme. Samples were also produce for Renault.

SIRA Project


White Goods and Domestic

flymo

Flymo Robotic Lawnmower
Embedded electronic & software 

Design of the motor control, sensor and grass cutting algorithms for Flymos early prototype robotic lawnmower. Shown here is the latest model, not the protoype.

GSI Project

caradon

Caradon Mira Advance Shower
Development of embedded control code

Hosted on a Motorola 68HC11, the real time controller employed feed-forward control, based on a mathematical model of the operation of the mechanics and electrical system. Parameters include pipe geometry, heater characteristics, and the user set flow and temperature demand. The model is used to determine the set point for a feedback control system that manages water flow, achieved by PWM operation of a solenoid valve. Long term drift handled by a self-tuning/machine learning algorithm that adjusts the model based on long-term analysis of the achieved output temperature.

GSI Project

thatcher

Operation Blue Pool 1994. Part of the operation to police the Conservative Party Conference in Blackpool was a large screen display to be used for emergency announcements. These were issued via a computer programme that accepted text input from the Police, and relayed it using Paging to the large screen display.

A related project at that time was carried out for racing tipster Bob Rothman, for whom was developed a PC controlled system that simultaneously broadcast tips to 100s of punters using Hutchinson Paging.

Similar group paging systems were developed for other niche markets.

GSI Project

stoves

Stoves - Gas Cooker Controller
Software development 

Shown here is a recent product, not the original one that the controller was developed for on the 1990s. During this period I worked on a number of domestic applicance control panels, for Polkinghorne & Ernst, who supplied them to Stooves, New World, Creda & Dimplex amongst other white goods manufacturers. All were based on 8-bit PIC processor. Another product was a B&Q branded domestic mixer shower.
GSI Project

celint

CELINT - Videotext Terminal
Embedded software

CELINT designed and marketed an innovative Videotext terminal that used a flat screen LCD, in contrast to the main competition from the Minitel which used a CRT, as did other comparable products. The terminal was modified to support Prestel, Teletel & Bildshirmtext. A range of niche applications were also developed, including a popular telephone device for the deaf. One notable design was the first home banking terminal developed for Banco Santander, which predated the Internet.

GSI Project

t150

The T150 Scitel Videotext terminal
Project Manager and software development

The T150 videotext terminal supported PRESTEL & TELETEL, with the code hosted on an 8051. Whilst it was technically a success, it failed to take off commercially, apart from some niche markets, such as telephone devices for the deaf. The code however migrated to a PC based platform for John Clarke Computing, and was extended to support Bildshirmtext. It also helped to secure later work with CELINT

GSI Project


Industrial

smart scan gateway
Thorlux Lighting Smartscan Gateway. Connects an ISM band RF mesh network of intelligent lighting system via GSM to a remote server. DALI packets embedded in the RF protocol to support industry standard for wired lighting.

rtp

Ringtrack Telematics Platform
A KTP funded project to develop new embedded applications for environmental monitoring, asset tracking and remote condition monitoring. De Montfort University project.

scanlight

Thorlux Lighting - Scanlight AT
Electronic and embedded software design

Scanlight AT provides a web-based monitoring service for emergency lighting. Luminaires are connected to their local controller via a DALI network. The main controller (shown) communicates to these controllers over a CAN network, and uploads data to the web server using an embedded GSM MODEM. 

traintrax

Dailys UK Ltd - GSM MODEM Instant messaging
Electronic & Software design - 1998

Dailys UK at that time had a unique market, using paging to transmit headlines to newspaper vendor sites, to support sales of local papers. The project updated the system to use modern GSM technology, and SMS messaging

GSI Project

qcan

Quarndon Electronics QCAN
Circuit design and embedded software

Phillips launched a range of 8051 core microcontrollers, that included CAN as standard during the 1990s. This board was developed for Quarndon electronics to be used as a general purpose CAN controller card, with a range of standard I/O included, plus mains rated relays.

GSI Project

robos

Robotic Systems - Data logger
Embedded software

This PIC based module uses Nordic VLSI 2.4 GHz to transmit 14 channels of analogue data. Intended for use in robotic systems, it has other applications as well. Robotic Systems market of range of products, including this device.

GSI Project

podbox

Podbox - Secure parcel management
Electronics & embedded software 

Podbox devised a  concept to support the secure movement and delivery of high value parcels. The Podbox iself is a secure container, into which valuable items are deposited, and barcode scanned. Data regarding delivery and collections being forwarded to a server using GSM MODEMs

GSI Project

o ring

Seemless O Rings
Software development 1995

This was a LINK project with Loughborough Universitys IPTME Department, that developed a machine to manufacture seam-less ORings. My role was to design the human-machine interface.

GSI Project

land ir

Land Infra Red - Hand Held Temperature Sensor
Electronic & software development

Shown here is a hand held display module design for Land Infra Red which shows remote temperature.

GSI Project

bbc

BBC - Automatic Dimmer Control
System Design 1992

A system used to support automatic calibration of studio lighting

GSI Project

azko-nobel

Azko-Nobel - Paint Spray Spark Analysis
Electronic & software development

An experimental tool. Paint sprays charge up the paint particles so that they are electrostatically attracted to the material being coated, which has the opposite charge. During this process charge builds up on the nozzle of the spray gun, resulting in an electrostatic discharge. The theory being researched was that the nature of this spark would give an insight into the quality of the paint finish. This device, based on an GCAT PC, captured the spark data at a rate of 8Khz, and applied an FFT in near real time to produce a frequency domain analysis of the discharge.

GSI Project

status 3

W & A Metrology Status 3 Co-ordinate Measuring Machines
Project manager and embedded software design. 

A stunning example of UK engineering design by W & A Metrology, built with granite, air bearings, DC motors and precision scales this machine delivered outstanding metrology performance. Our role was to develop the 3D machine control, which was a particular challenge as all 3-axes had to move synchronously along any vector in 3D space. This was a multi-processor system, built around the 8085.  SIRA Project

SIRA Project

mel

MEL - Hand Held Thermal Imager
Project Manager and embedded software

MEL developed one of the first hand held thermal imaging cameras for civilian use. The team at Sira designed an octagonal  rotating polygon optical system that scanned the scene using a 8-bit IR detector array, thus generating a 64 line image. The embedded 8051 device then illuminated an 8-bit LED array using the scanned data, which was returned through the identical path path. Later variants were produced for Lasergage, who took over the design. Also added was a point measurement of the target temperature, which was overlayed on to the LED display. 

SIRA project

wvtr

EPS Ltd - Water Vapour Transmission Rate Meter
Project manager

The WVTRs purpose is to measure the permeability of wrapping materials to water. Based on an 8085, Phase Modulation is used to control the heat output of an incandescent light bulb, that manages the temperature within the chamber. 

SIRA Project.

782

BS Instruments Ltd - Model 782 Gas Flow Computer
Embedded software design

Shown here is the control room on part of the Trans-Siberian pipeline, with 5 model 782 gas flow computers. Based on an 8051 this product replaced and enhanced the equivalent KDG Model 780, and was produced to meet new national requriements as the pipeline extended across Europe. Other products included a CMOS variant based on the 6805, which used a battery powered Pocket Stradcom V22 MODEM to transmit data along the Alaskan pipeline. 

SIRA Project

780

KDG Instruments Ltd - Model 780 Gas Flow Computer
Software development

One of the first examples of an embedded microprocessor used for precision instrumentation. Developed for use of the Siberian gas pipeline, the 780 offered a level of accuracy far superior to all other products on the market at that time. The code used an innovative floating point maths package, hosted on an 8085.

The other major project carried for KDG was the use of an 8041 microcontroller to provide computer supervisory control for an analogue PID controller. 

SIRA Project


Medical & Physiological

motech

Motech Devices Care Clip
A personal mobile telecare device for older people, includes GSM, GNSS tracking, RF and a fall sensor. Design consultancy, and marketing support.
GSI Project

icare

iCARE
A platform for interoperability for Assisted Living. A TSB funded project with Cooperative Estates, Intamac, Air Trak & Sure Technology.
De Montfort University Project.

ssl

SSL Ltd - Skin friction measurement
Project manager, systems integration and software development

Assesses the lubricity of oils used to coat condoms.
GSI Project

tensiometer

In-Vivo Laryngeal Tensiometer
Mechatronic Design - Project Leader

Funded by the Royal Society - this device was used to measure the biomechanical properties of the human vocal fold from volunteer patients. De Montfort University Project

catheter

Femcare - Automated catheter for bladder control
Embedded microelectronic & software design

A prototype design for a design that would train a catheterised bladder,  simulating natural bladder control by using a clamp to close off the catheter in a natural cycle. Contract work undertaken for Canard Design who led the development.

GSI Project

color

Proctor & Gamble - Various Devices
Project manager 

A number of projects were undertaken for Procter & Gamble , including a skin colourimeter, hair bending device, numerical analysis of tissue deformation data, hair thickness meter, automated wig washing apparatus, and a skin roughness meter.

SIRA & GSI Projects

fbs

Fred Baker Scientific Airborne Microbiological Contamination Monitor
Digital electronic and embedded software design,

The system draws in a calibrated sample of air, and applies it to a petri dish, that slowly rotates over a 24 hour period. The dish is then cultured and examined. Based on an 8051, the embedded software manages the air flow sampling system and the user interface. The company was later purchased by 3M

GSI Project

LSR

The Linear Skin Rheometer
Project Manager, electronic and software design

The LSR, shown here with a 3-Axis positioning table, is used to measure the biomechanical properties of human tissue. Used by Proctor & Gamble, Unilever, Boots and GoJo to quantify the effectiveness of skin cream formulations, it has also been deployed in support of fundamental research into tissue engineering.
GSI Project

RASPED

RASPED - Reverberating abrasive single use piezo electric driven device

An EU FP6 funded project to develop an automated rasp for hip replacement. Assistance with the design of instrumentation to measure the forces applied to bone during the rasp insertion procedure.

Other devices developed for research purposes include motor control for an automated patient bed, automated airborne contamination monitoring, technical support for the development of medicated bandages for geriatric skin (GoJo and Unilever), skin lesion detection using light transmission, gut motility catheter, and  vocal fold elasticity in support of tissue engineering therapies.
GSI Project

VICKERS

Vickers Medical - Microprocessor based temperature control for the model 49 baby incubator Consultancy

Image courtesy of the Science Museum. A small consultancy project undertaken to assess the applicability of the emerging technology of microprocessors to provide digital temperature control. Also examined at this time was a new design for a drop sensor, and an infant apnoea alarm. SIRA Project